As a commercial photographer, I tend to shoot individually titled sessions (e.g; "client" Fabrics, "location" Aug 2016) tethered with Capture One (ISO bracketing for studio strobes and shutter speed in natural light).
Some "moodier" sets might require some handheld lighting from assistants for extra highlights which are comped in to a degree later.
I have different user styles I created for different shooting scenarios they act as a start point, automatically tweaking; RGB squeeze, clarity, sharpening, vignetting, contrast, saturation highlight and shadow recovery. That way I have a solid start point that I can make minor changes to on the fly, plus the client sees the image over my shoulder looking a lot less flat than raw files straight out of the sensor.
Once the set, cameos and detail shots are captured, the client chooses selects on location using capture one colour tags, or from a contact sheet if the client is offsite (usually low res jpegs processed at sub 50%) selects are then processed, colour corrected, composited and retouched in photoshop, saved as both PSD's and Jpeg "finals". The finals are zipped and sent to the client, all sessions are backed up automatically through time machine/ archived manually, both offsite and in studio RAID storage devices.
My filing system goes something like:
Drive:/ . . . . / Digital Work/ "Client"/ Year/ (all capture one sessions within that year)