Absolutely. Of course, you need a way to input your headphones 1/8" jack. Most new phones will require an adapter. These have a 150 ohm impedance, so you will have to crank your volume up if you are not using an external amp. Most phones have enough power to drive these. Without an amp though, you're really not hearing the sound quality that the 58X delivers.
If you're only looking for headphones to use with your phone, and you're not going to use an external amp, there are many cheaper, low-impedance cans from which to choose. Otherwise, you would just be wasting money on the Jubilees, never benefiting from their potential.