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Massdrop 101: Getting Started With Fountain Pens

So You’re Thinking About Fountain Pens…
There are a lot of good reasons to use a fountain pen. For one, it adds character to your handwriting—in every dot, cross, and flourish—that you just can’t get from a standard ballpoint. Some people consider it a relatively inexpensive way to bring luxury into their day-to-day lives. Others like that it’s reusable, and more cost-effective than buying a new disposable pen every time the last one runs dry. Then there’s that hard-to-describe feeling: Fountain pens feel good to write with, plain and simple, and they make you want to keep writing.
Once you’ve decided to make the switch, there are a few steps you’ll need to take before you’re ready to jot, scrawl, and scribble with the best of them. The world of fountain pens, like any new hobby, can be a mysterious place with its own history and vernacular. And it can get a little messy, too—especially when you want to clean your pen or start inking it from a bottle. But don’t let that scare you! The process can also be incredibly rewarding, as you try different pens and accessories, discover what you like, and begin to build your own collection.
This post will offer tips on how to get started with your first fountain pen. For a list of basic components and key terms, check out "Massdrop 101: Intro to Fountain Pens" (
Choosing Your First Pen
When testing the waters, first-time users may look for a fountain pen with a combination of comfort, affordability, and convenient, easy-to-use features. Take the Pilot Metropolitan, for instance, which has a well-balanced body in a variety of colors and patterns, and a converter that makes it compatible with bottled inks right out of the box. Or, try the Lamy Safari, whose contoured grip section is designed to help users hold the pen in the traditional position. Other great pens for beginners are the Platinum Preppy, Pilot Kakuno, Lamy Vista, and Lamy AL-Star.
When your fountain pen arrives, check it top to bottom for damage and contact the manufacturer if anything looks off. If an instructional manual and warranty card are included, read them thoroughly and abide by any suggestions from the manufacturer.
Different Pens & How To Fill Them
The fountain pen consists of four major parts when assembled: the cap, the nib, the barrel, and the ink reservoir. The mechanisms used to fill the ink reservoir vary by pen type. Cartridges are the easiest and quickest to use because they come preloaded, but their biggest drawback is that they’re not designed to fill with bottled ink. Converters make cartridge pens more versatile by allowing them to be filled from the bottle. Pens with built-in fillers—and eyedropper pens, to an even greater extent—provide a higher ink capacity for those who need it. When choosing a pen, think about which benefits are most important to you.
To install a cartridge, first unscrew the barrel by turning it counterclockwise. Then, find the stopper end of the cartridge and insert it into the grip section of your pen. Press down firmly until you hear a click. This means that the stopper has been punctured and the ink is able to flow through. Screw the barrel back into place. Finally, to allow the ink to saturate the nib, leave the capped pen in a cup (or another container) with the nib facing down for about an hour—some users will even leave it overnight.
Note that some pens use an international standard cartridge that can be used across brands, while others have a proprietary cartridge that won’t be compatible with pens of any other brand. Make sure you know your pen’s compatibility before you pick up any new cartridges. The same is true for converters.
Use a converter to ink your cartridge pen from a bottle. The most common types are the piston converter and the squeeze converter, which work more or less the same way: by using mechanical force to create a low-pressure chamber into which ink is drawn.
To fill a piston converter, install the converter into your pen the same way you would a cartridge. Dip the pen into the bottle of ink until the entire nib and part of the grip section is submerged. Twist the end knob until the piston is fully extended. Then, twist the knob in the other direction, retracting the piston and drawing ink into the converter. You may need to repeat this step once or twice to fill the converter. When you’re done, wipe the nib off with a paper towel and reassemble the pen.
To fill a squeeze converter, dip the pen into the bottle and gently squeeze. You’ll see bubbles appear as air leaves the converter. Release the converter slowly and wait for the suction to draw ink into the pen. Repeat until the bubbles stop appearing.
Fountain pens with built-in filling mechanisms can be broken into two main categories: piston fillers and vacuum fillers. Built-in piston fillers operate much like piston converters, so follow those steps above.
With a built-in vacuum filler, unscrew the knob at the end of the pen and pull back the plunger. Next, push the plunger back down—this motion creates a vacuum in the ink chamber behind it. When the plunger reaches the flared section at the base of the chamber, the vacuum is broken and ink will flow quickly into the pen.
An eyedropper pen is one that must be filled with an eyedropper, syringe, or pipette. Because no space in the barrel is occupied by a cartridge, converter, or built-in mechanism, these have the largest ink capacity of any pen. To fill an eyedropper pen, unscrew the barrel and coat the threads with silicone grease to ensure a watertight seal. Fill the barrel up to the threads with your choice of ink, and then reassemble the pen.
Preparation & Troubleshooting
When you’re starting out with a new pen, quickly run the nib under running water to help get the ink flowing. Don’t worry if it doesn’t start flowing automatically—there a number of troubleshooting techniques you can try.
Some users leave the pen resting nib down for an even longer period of time, some gently squeeze the cartridge, and some dip the nib in water. Others still will tap the point on a piece of paper until a drop of ink comes out, then stick the point in the droplet and draw it in. Of course, the best way to keep a fountain pen going is to keep writing. Plus, as you use your pen more and more often, the nib will wear down to your specific writing style and posture.
Still not working? Brand-new pens sometimes have an oily film on the feed or nib, and unless they are given a thorough cleaning, the ink may not flow smoothly.
Cleaning Your Pen
The following steps can be used to clean your pen on day one if you’re having trouble getting it to write, and also for regular cleanings throughout the life of your pen. Maintenance should occur every 2 to 4 weeks (depending on the pen) if you’re using the same color, and every time you change colors. Manufacturers recommend distilled water, but room-temperature or lukewarm tap water can work just as well.
Sink Method: Disassemble your pen near your sink or cleaning station and empty the ink. If the pen is full, you can try emptying the ink back into the original bottle or another small vial to save it for future use. If you’re not worried about that, you can simply empty it into the sink. Next, hold the nib section under running water until the water runs mostly clear. This is the fastest way to flush your pen, and for pens that are properly maintained and haven’t accumulated buildup or debris, this step may be enough.
Optional Soak: If your pen has been sitting for a while (or you want to be extra thorough), you can also leave any parts that have been inky to soak in a cup of water. This helps clear out any dried ink. After you remove the pen parts from the water, dry them as much as possible. If you have time, let them dry on a paper towel overnight. If you’re in a hurry, go ahead and reassemble your pen and fill it with new ink. If you fill it immediately, however, you may need to use scratch paper for a bit until the ink flow becomes appropriately saturated.
Alternative Method: For a deeper clean, fill two plastic cups with water and use a converter (or the pen’s built-in filling mechanism) to pump in and out. Use one cup first, and then the other. Because the water you flush through your pen will dirty the water in the first cup, it’s helpful to switch to the second cup part of the way through the process, so you’re not continuously moving dirty water through your pen. If you’re cleaning an eyedropper pen, you can use the same setup but with a rubber bulb syringe.
Getting Accustomed
Now it’s time for the fun part. Spend time with your fountain pen so you can get used to a different kind of writing. You’ll want to use less pressure than you would with a ballpoint or rollerball—a properly tuned fountain pen should write under its own weight, and adding to much pressure could damage the tines or nib, or cause your hand to cramp up.
You may also find that you’ll need to write bigger than you did with other writing instruments, holding your wrists and fingers stationary and using your arm and shoulder to shape the letters. If you’re left-handed, you may have to adapt your writing style even further. Because fountain pen ink takes longer to dry, you’ll have to work harder to avoid smudging as your hand moves across the paper.
While you’re writing, pay attention to what work’s working and what isn’t. Do you like the weight of your pen, or do you wish it were heavier or lighter? Thinner, thicker, or shaped differently? Post the cap or don’t—it all depends on whether you like the extra length. Is the clip important for holding your pen while in transit, or do you prefer to carry it in a case or sleeve? Do you like the design and materials? Write, observe, then write again.
Play around with different paper. You’ll notice that, suddenly, paper matters a whole lot more than it did when you were using a ballpoint. Some will work well, while others may make your pen feel scratchy or cause the ink to bleed through or feather. Write on anything you can get your hands on—around the house, the office, or the waiting room at your next dental appointment—until you find what’s best for you. If you’re looking for somewhere to start, Rhodia and Clairefontaine both make excellent paper that pairs well with fountain pens.
While you’re at it, try different inks. Notice the thickness of the line on the page, and appreciate the ink’s texture, sheen, and depth of color. Take careful note of how the color gradually changes as the seconds pass, and you might actually get excited about watching ink dry. (That’s when you know you’re hooked.) If you don’t know where to start, an ink from the same brand as your fountain pen is a safe bet.
Dos & Don’ts
A few parting thoughts: Never use rubbing alcohol or acetone to clean your pen, as both contain chemicals that can damage (and even melt) the plastic parts within. Be careful to use only water-based ink in fountain pens, and stay away from shellac-based calligraphy ink (like India ink or Lawyer’s ink). Calligraphy ink is designed for use with dip pens only, and can cause serious clogging. Between writing sessions, keep the cap on your pen to prevent the ink from drying out. Be careful not to carry your pen in the same pocket as your keys, as the metal of the keys can damage the pen body.
Stay Tuned for More
There you have it: a guide to getting started with your new fountain pen. But that’s only the beginning. Look out for posts and tutorials that dig deeper into these topics, and be sure to hit the "Follow" button to be notified about future posts from this account. In the meantime, if you have questions or comments about this post, or about fountain pens in general, leave ‘em below. Have personal recommendations or stories to stare? We’d love to hear them—and see pictures, too!

Sep 26, 2019
It was undoubtedly the squid ink pasta with squid in its own ink sauce that has inspired this new potential passion that I can see could easily get out of hand. Thank you for a thoughtful, comprehensive and seductive overview into yet another esoteric labyrinth.
Sep 12, 2019
From the Sink Method blurb: Sink Method: Disassemble your pen near your sink or cleaning station and empty the ink. If the pen is full, you can try emptying the ink back into the original bottle or another small vial to save it for future use. If you’re not worried about that, you can simply empty it into the sink. Next, hold the nib section under running water until the water runs mostly clear. This is the fastest way to flush your pen, and for pens that are properly maintained and haven’t accumulated buildup or debris, this step may be enough. > If the pen is full, you can try emptying the ink back into the original bottle... Please note that doing this may introduce contaminants into your beloved ink bottle, which in turn could promote fungal growth and other nasties. Best not to put ink back into a bottle. As an aside, I use a blunt-tipped syringe to pull ink from the bottle for filling - none of my pens ever come into direct contact with a full ink bottle. Tip: For the sink method, it is recommended that a stopper be placed over the drain hole while cleaning so that disassembled parts don't find their way down the drain. Feeds, nibs, rings, and o-rings can easily find their way to a dark place otherwise.
Oct 25, 2017
Ordered another low cost fountain pen on Amazon and it arrived today. It’s a Wing Sung 698 Piston (demonstrator), I paid about $21 for it. Came with a fine gold nib installed, an inexpensive felt pen case, and an extra converter mechanism. I loaded the pen with Pilot Iroshizuku yu-yake (burnt orange) ink without hesitation and all went very smoothly. The nib glides across the paper with silky smoothness. The end cap which pumps the piston actually snaps and locks down when done - this prevents accidental jarring of the end cap and piston when handling the pen. The cap seems to post securely and has yet to come loose. I love the translucent feed, it’s just another touch of eye candy that helps complete this near 100% clear demonstrator fountain pen. This is my first demonstrator and so far I’m enjoying it. Next on the buy list is the TWSBI Mini AL Gold.
RandyBrownYes, the 698 offers more fountain pen for your dollar than anything else. If the brand name said Pilot or Lamy it would have topped everyone's fountain pen lists. I posted about it comparing it to TWSBIs and the Custom 92 here:
Theroc...and yeah that translucent feed takes the cake.
Oct 9, 2017
I posted some time ago that I had picked up aJinhao X750, well now I‘ve settled in with a total of four pens. To recap, after 4 decades of not writing cursive I’ve picked it back up. It’s going to be a long journey but I’m up to the challenge. I’m learning all over again with the help of a few inexpensive fountain pens that didn’t break the bank. The Jinhao 159 because it’s big and bulky. The previously mentioned Jinhao X750 which is middle of the road size-wise. The Pilot Metropolitan which seems to be just a bit smaller than the Jinhao X750. And finally the Picasso 903 Flower King because it’s kinda narrow and slim. Both the Jinhao’s have medium nibs and both the Pilot and Picasso have fine nibs. In a few weeks I’ll buy new nibs and swap-out the current nibs on each of these pens for larger or smaller nibs to see if my writing is better or worst with nib changes vs. sizes of pens. Perhaps by next year I will have figured out what size, type, and brand fountain pen is best for me, then start my collection from that point.
Sep 26, 2017
Here's a nice video that shows the different filling methods in action:
Aug 27, 2017
After using inexpensive ballpoints all my life and recently $7-$10 gel-pens by Pentel, Pilot, and others I finally took a step towards the world of fountain pens. I ordered a Jinhao X750 in frost black with a medium nib on Amazon for only a few dollars as well as a 3oz bottle of Noodler's black waterproof (Bulletproof) ink. The nature of my employment has caused my penmanship to suffer over the past 3+ decades and I intend to reclaim the cursive style of writing I abandoned many years ago. I know that low-cost fountain pens are sometimes frowned upon by more experienced fountain pen users but I just want to make sure I learn the basics without a sizable first cash investment so for just over $20 I think it's a good move. The Jinhao and ink will arrive in another day or so but before then I'll need buy a simple starter writing pad or notebook best for use with a fountain pen…any suggestions?
Sep 6, 2017
I use at least a Medium point on all my pens but 2. I've found that paper that goes over 90 gsm, and for me, preferably over 95 gsm, is best. That does run up the $$$ - you could save by going to lower gsm if you only use one side. As far as I've been able to discover, your usual laser paper, usually called "20 pound" paper = approximately 75-80 gsm . I have a journal at 120 gsm, and there's absolutely no bleed-thru to the other side.
Sep 6, 2017
Thanks for the tip. I just added Rhodia into my Amazon shopping cart.
Jan 22, 2017
The tip of the nib is a HARD metal. It is quite unlikely that "the nib will wear down to your specific writing style and posture." That is unless you are writing on abrasive paper. Today, the vast majority of writers do not write anywhere near as much as people did in the pre-computer days. So the number of hours of pen use has also gone down, further reducing the wear on the tip.
Aug 1, 2016
If you absolutely must carry your fountain pens on person and you wear dress shirts, put them in the shirt pocket - that way they stay nib-up and are not jostled excessively, so there's less ink splatter in the cap.
Jul 30, 2016
I generally only use bottled inks. However, I stockpile old cartridges, esp. proprietary ones, like crazy. I even empty out the carts that come with new pens if I'm not crazy about the ink just so I can refill the cart with one of my inks. I syringe fill them with my favorite bottled inks for travel or if I'm short a converter. I seal the cartridge with a little dot of hot glue (not too hot to distort the plastic). The hot glue seal peels off cleanly and you can get several uses out of a cartridge before the plastic begins to distort. Two short intl carts will fit inside most intl std bodies for travel.
Aug 2, 2016
pepper_elmNice tip about the hot glue seal - I've gotta try that sometime.
Jul 30, 2016
I have done this many times. It is especially helpful when one has different manufacturers with different cartridges. I have many ink colors and use them in all my pens by this method.
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